What is Law?
Law is a system of rules that society develops in order to deal with crime, business agreements, and social relationships. It is also a word used to refer to people who work in this system of rules, including lawyers.
A Law consists of statutes, executive decrees and regulations, and precedent, all of which are created and enforced by the state or an organization to regulate behavior. There is also the concept of customary law, which has been developed over time and is a system that is not codified.
The main branches of law are criminal, civil and administrative.
Criminal laws are statutes that punish crimes against the government or other people. Examples are murder and assault, but the law can be applied to many different types of crimes.
Civil laws include legal matters such as compensation for harm caused to others (tort law) or rights that protect individuals such as the right to freedom of speech and religion.
The rule of law is the belief that all citizens are subject to the law, whether they are lawmakers or not. It is important to have the rule of law because it means that everyone can expect to be treated fairly by a government or a court.
The rule of law can be a good thing or a bad thing. In a democracy, it is good because it gives all citizens a voice and allows them to participate in the decisions that affect their lives. But in a dictatorship, it is bad because it is controlled by one person or group.